Ovarian cysts are bags filled with fluid which are formed in or on the surface of the ovaries – the female reproductive organs located in the lower abdomen.
The reason for development of these non-functional ovarian cysts has not yet been fully studied. It is believed that the development of cysts is due to numerous factors, including general health of the woman, weight, diet, personal medical history and lifestyle. The connection between the mind and body can also be a factor in the cysts, and sometimes the stress and anxiety are the main causes.
Some experts are adamant that undelivered display of creativity and repressed emotions such as guilt and anger can also lead to problems with the ovaries. Closely associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are the completeness, hormonal imbalances and high levels of insulin in the blood. For example, for women with PCOS is two to ten times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes (middle-aged) than in the average case.
This condition is strongly influenced by genetic factors. The specific gene or genes that cause the disease has not yet been identified, but several groups of researchers in different countries examine the genetic changes associated with the increased risk of type 2 diabetes to determine whether the same genetic alterations could be associated with PCOS.
McQueen-Albright Syndrome is due to mutations of the gene named GNAS1. The mutations are sporadic, and appear during the fetal development of the child; hence the syndrome is not hereditary.
Some cysts are asymptomatic (with no symptoms), while others cause swelling, pain, acute bleeding and cramps. The pain caused by cysts, may last from several minutes to several days. Other symptoms of the presence of cysts are irregular or absent menstruation, feeling of pressure or heaviness in the lower abdomen, constipation and problems with urination due to internal pressures of the cysts. The burst of a cyst can cause pain and symptoms similar to those of appendicitis, infection or ectopic pregnancy.
When these changes occur seek medical attention:
– Sudden severe pain in the lower abdomen;
– Persistent pain in the right abdomen + nausea, fever or vomiting;
– Abdominal pain with vaginal discharge as well as occurrence of fever or swelling;
– Pulsating lower abdominal pain during intercourse, bowel movement or exercise.
Most ovarian cysts in adult women are detected during routine medical examination by a gynecologist or other doctor.
Cysts undergo observation for several months in order to give them time to shrink or disappear by themselves. When there is an abnormal, painful or bleeding cyst a biopsy might be performed. In this manipulation a small tissue is surgically taken and examined to determine the exact type of entity.
Practitioners of alternative medicine carefully examine the lifestyle, diet, emotional and psychological profile of the patient to identify all the factors that could play a role in the formation of cysts.
Ovarian cysts can be diagnosed in female fetuses by transabdominal ultrasound even during the pregnancy of the mother.