What are the symptoms of women with ovarian cyst?
Ovarian cyst is a sac filled with liquid or other content, which is located directly in the ovary.
Cysts may have different dimensions, they differ in the histologic structure of the capsule and the inner contents. The term cystadenoma is typically used in medicine to describe ovarian cysts.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst
Most cysts are harmless, some come and go without any symptoms, but there is a problem with tearing, bleeding, occurrence of pain – in such cases surgical removal of problematic cysts is required.
Ovarian cysts may form in healthy women during normal operation of the ovaries.
Symptoms of this problem that women need to know!
As already stated above, in 90% of diagnosed functional cysts cases, they are asymptomatic and usually discovered by accident in preventive medical examination with ultrasound.
The remaining 10%, especially when it comes to large cysts, have symptoms.
Among the symptoms are the following:
- Minimal bleeding, which is not related to the menstrual cycle.
- Abdominal pain
- Irregular menstruation
- Brief attack of acute pain in the lower abdomen approximately in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
This pain is accompanied by bloody discharge from the vagina
- Abdominal pain that increases after exercise
- Abdominal pain during intercourse
- Abnormal urination and defecation
Important! When you have one or more of the symptoms listed above, contact your doctor for advice.
Modern medicine has quite many theories about the appearance of cysts, the most common are:
Violation of follicular maturation
Endocrine disorders (hypothyroidism or hormonal imbalance)
Abortion in the past
Irregular menstrual cycle
Previous ovarian cysts
How to treat ovarian cysts?
If the ovarian cyst is caused by the hormonal system, the treatment is done with hormonal drugs that are selected individually for each patient. This therapy is effective for functional cysts and lead to their complete disappearance in 5-6 months. If they don’t disappear, then surgery must be performed in order to remove the cyst.
The treatment is usually complemented with physiotherapy and drugs that strengthen the immunity.
You can also use herbs.
One of the most advanced surgical techniques is laparoscopy. In this operation, the doctor makes three small incisions in the abdomen to remove the cyst. In some cases removal of the uterus and oophorectomy (removal of the cyst with ovarian) is required. Such radical surgery is only done if there is a proven neoplastic process.
The removal of one ovary could be fatal for women who want to conceive, so it’s important not to wait for complications and consult a doctor and start the treatment on time.