Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness that causes a disorder of the mood. Between periods of severe depression and euphoric mania, it can be difficult to identify the disease because its symptoms can easily be confused with simple mood swings! The manic phase of the bipolar disorder is particularly difficult to decipher. Here’s how to recognize a person in bipolar mania phase, look into his eyes!
According to WHO, 60 million people suffer from bipolar disorder worldwide.
These mood disorders, formerly known as manic-depressive psychosis, manifested by two very distinct and alternating phases – depression phase and manic phase – interspersed with a steady state called euthymia.
The two phases of bipolar disorder can be of different intensities depending on each person and have various symptoms.
During the depressive phase, bipolar subjects feel great sadness and lack of energy. They also tend to have sleep disorders, insomnia or hypersomnia, and show a lack of interest in pleasure and in everything in general. They simply lose interest in life. But the most dangerous point of this phase is the risk of suicide, because bipolar patients will contain about themselves and can develop suicidal thoughts.
The manic phase is defined as a phase of excitement and hyperactivity. The subject has a very high or euphoric mood and is full of energy. He sleeps less and can engage in several projects or spend money recklessly. In periodz of bipolar mania people also become much more talkative than usual, their self-esteem increases that can be exaggerated but can also be irritable.
Also, people with bipolar disorder may also experience a mixed phase in which coexists depressive symptoms and manic symptoms.
Although bipolar disorder is generally known by an alternation of depression and mania phases, this is not always the case for all subjects. Indeed, there are two types of bipolar disorder:
Bipolar disorder type 1
Bipolar disorder type 1 alternating episodes of mania and depression, interspersed by periods of stability.
Bipolar disorder type 2
Unlike type 1, bipolar disorder type 2 does not exhibit manic but hypomanic episodes. Indeed, people with type 2 bipolar disorder experience periods of severe depression followed by a period of hypomania. This is a mild form of mania, that is to say the subject can have the same symptoms of excitement and hyperactivity but with an attenuated intensity.
What causes bipolar disorder?
Stressful situations like a death of a loved one, a divorce, a job change, a move, as well as alcohol and drugs may be triggers for bipolar disorder.
Furthermore, research has also shown that genetic factors play a role in the manifestation of this disease. A person whose parent suffered from 1st degree bipolar disorder would be predisposed genetically, with 5 to 10 times greater risk of developing the disease because they may have vulnerability genes.
How to tell if a person is in bipolar mania phase?
Although it is very difficult for a person who is not a medical professional to decrypt the symptoms of bipolar disorder in someone, some signs can be revealing.
For example, during the manic phase, bipolar people are more energetic, happier and more creative! Manic episodes are accompanied by a sense of power and high self-esteem, and patients feel capable of doing several things like write a book, paint or sing. They are usually careless and do not calculate the consequences of their actions. Contrary, if something does not go as they wish, or if they suffer criticism, they get angry and can easily start an argument.
Besides these personality changes, the manic phase can also be revealed through physical signs, including those coming from the eyes:
During the period of mania, the bipolar person is very happy and excited, feelings that are visible on his eyes. Indeed, it is possible to notice a change in the shape of the eyes that become wide open, unlike in the depression phase, during which the person is upset or angry, when the eyes are narrowed.
The intense emotions felt during the manic phase make the eyes of the bipolar people very bright. The eye becomes especially shiny. This also seems to increase the level of perceived physical attractiveness.
Darker eye color
The euphoric or dysphoric states of mania cause significant adrenaline, which in turn causes dilation of the pupils. During the expansion process, the iris of the eye is contracted to enlarge the pupil’s diameter, which becomes darker.
In people who have a different colored ring around the pupil, eye color may seem completely different, because the ring will dominate.
References: helpguide.org, healthline.com