Hormones are essential for our bodies, and when their operation is altered, it can have serious consequences on our health. Fortunately it is possible to prevent this problem in the most natural way: diet. Discover the best foods to eat and which to avoid in order to prevent hormonal imbalance!
Hormones are chemicals produced by the endocrine glands following stimulation. They are considered as messengers, since they have a primary role in transmitting messages in the body.
Hormones are essential to the functioning of our body. They are involved in the growth process, regulation of chrono-biological rhythms and body temperature, digestion, menstrual cycle, reproduction, etc.
Thus, a hormonal disorder can affect the proper functioning of our body and cause various health problems. Besides it can cause weight gain. Hormonal imbalance can affect our mood, our hair and our skin, hair loss, mood swings, as well as digestive problems, decreased libido, fatigue and insomnia.
Hormonal imbalance can be caused by various factors including poor diet, stress, genetics and certain treatments. Generally, people with this problem follow special treatments in order to address it. But these tend to mask and not eliminate the symptoms, and may also have adverse side effects.
The good news is that it is possible to treat the hormonal imbalance naturally, especially through food. Some foods may help reduce the signs of hormonal disorders or better, prevent them, especially in postmenopausal women.
The best foods to prevent hormonal imbalances
Yogurt, preferably made from goat’s milk is full of health benefits. It is rich in calcium which is essential for healthy bones and teeth, but also with probiotics, good bacteria that constitute the intestinal flora and are involved in the digestion of food.
This dairy product also contains a significant amount of vitamin D, which plays a great role in maintaining hormonal balance.
- Fatty fish
Fatty fish like tuna, sardines or salmon, contain large amounts of omega-3. These fatty acids which are not synthesized by the body are very beneficial: they reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and improve the blood pressure.
Omega-3 also contributes to the proper functioning of the brain and hormonal system.
- Green vegetables
Very healthy, green vegetables contain many nutrients and are rich in antioxidants that fight against free radicals. These can damage the cells of the body, causing many diseases, but also cause hormonal imbalance.
Kale, spinach, cilantro, cabbage, broccoli, etc. the choice is vast! Opt for greens to enjoy their many nutrients and health benefits, including hormone regulation.
- Plants and spices
Cinnamon, garlic or ginger are foods whose virtues are already proven. They cure and prevent various health problems, and also they have an effect on the skin, keeping it young and glowing.
In addition, these foods can improve the mood, cinnamon and ginger in particular, but also regulate the hormonal balance.
The avocado is a concentrate of benefits. It is an excellent source of fatty acids necessary for proper functioning of our body and reduces the levels of lipids in the blood. It is also proved that the avocado can prevent cancer!
This fruit is also rich in fiber, potassium, magnesium, vitamins B1, B2, B6 and B9, which contribute to the production of hormones and their regulation.
Given the fact that diet can have a direct impact on hormones, it is important to avoid foods that can unbalance them.
Foods to avoid
Refined sugar can be very dangerous for the health. It is one of the main causes of diabetes and obesity. This food has also been associated with other health problems such as cancer of the pancreas and insulin resistance.
Furthermore, the sugar is also able to slow down the brain, to cause depressions and hormonal imbalances in women.
Alcohol has adverse health effects. Consumed excessively, it can cause several serious diseases; the most common is fatty liver.
Alcoholic drinks have an effect on the heart health and may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but also can cause some types of cancers. They are also capable of altering the hormonal balance, stimulating the production of certain hormones, including steroid hormones. Alcohol can also impact the hormone receptors, particularly those of estrogen, which is associated with breast cancer.
Women who suffer from hot flashes should avoid drinking alcohol, which can worsen the situation.
Regular consumption of caffeine is not recommended for women in menopause, because it can increase hot flashes commonly associated with menopause.
Drinking lots of coffee can also generate stress and anxiety, nervousness and sleep disorders, which can cause hormonal imbalances.
- Foods with high glycemic index
High glycemic foods can have adverse health effects. When consumed, the food increases the sugar levels in the blood. And to counteract this action, the pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that reduces the concentration of glucose in the blood. Thus, high glycemic index foods tend to increase insulin levels in the body, which can have an effect on estrogen (female hormone).
Indeed, if the amount of insulin in the body is high, it stimulates the activity of aromatoses which are responsible for the synthesis of estrogen. In other words, high levels of insulin acts on the metabolism of estrogen and causes hormonal imbalance.
Soy is one of the most important food sources of phytoestrogens. This food would have a negative effect on the functions of thyroid gland, since it prevents the gland from absorbing iodine, an essential element in the production of thyroid hormones. This effect is known as the goitrogenic, and usually only occurs in case of iodine deficiency.
Remember that the role of the thyroid is very important in the body because it helps regulate the body temperature and metabolic rate, but is also involved in the reproduction and growth.
Studies have also shown that soy is also not recommended for people with hypothyroidism, because it can inhibit the absorption of drugs to treat this disease.