Although there is no direct link, physical inactivity and poor diet can produce an excess of toxins and increase the production of tumor cells.
The cervical cancer is a variant of this disease that affects the female population worldwide.
It occurs as a result of the abnormal cervix cells growth, which are transformed into malignant tumors.
Although today, the medicine has facilitated its treatment and detection, this disease is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women between 30 to 59 years.
Most cases have a direct relationship with infection-causing papillomavirus (HPV). However, there are other causes that may be related as well.
Since we know that many women have not received information about it, we will share with you the 7 factors related to the onset of cervical cancer. Check them out!
1. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
98% of precancerous lesions that develop into cervical cancer are related to one type of papillomavirus.
Men carry the virus and transmit it to women through sex.
So far, one of the most effective methods to prevent contagion is the vaccine that applies from 9 years to 45 years, in three doses.
2. Early sex
Being sexually active at young age can be harmful to women because the uterus has not reached its highest “maturity” and is more susceptible to viruses and diseases.
Sex education at an early age is the key to knowing what type of risk and consequences it can have on the health.
3. Tobacco consumption
The excessive consumption of tobacco is the leading cause of lung cancer, but also an influencing factor in the occurrence of other tumors varieties.
Women who smoke daily are up to four times more likely to suffer from cancer of the cervix compared to those not exposed to smoke.
This is because the harmful substances from the tobacco trigger the accelerated growth of the cells until they turn into cancer cells.
4. Prolonged use of oral contraceptives
Although today, the risks are pretty low with all the improvements of oral contraceptives, but their use for more than 5 consecutive years increases the risk of this type of cancer.
You should know that it has only a small impact as its main factor is HPV.
Having a sedentary lifestyle
Overweight women who have a sedentary lifestyle are also more likely to suffer from this disease in adulthood.
Physical inactivity causes blood circulation problems and that is why there is more risk of infection.
In addition, excess fat and toxins increases the proliferation of tumor cells, which worsens the condition.
6. Chlamydia Infection
Chlamydia is a common bacteria that can infect the female reproductive system. It is transmitted through sexual contact and is one of the causes of infertility, since it produces an infection in the system and inflammation of the pelvis, it can greatly affect fertility.
On the other hand, blood tests showed that women who have or have had an infection with Chlamydia have more risk of cervical cancer of the uterus than those which have not been infected.
In most cases, women affected by this bacteria present no striking symptoms. It can be detected by a gynecological examination.
As it happens with other types of cancers, cervical cancer can be caused by genetic conditions.
Women whose relatives have suffered from the disease are two to three times more prone to develop it than those who don’t have such a history.
Many experts suspect that this family trend is due to a hereditary factor that makes the immune system less able to fight against HPV.
Frequent detection tests is the best way to prevent this disease.
Vaginal cytology smear or Pap test and HPV test are the key to detecting cervical cancer at its early stages.
References: who.int, scielosp.org, mdguidelines.com