The amenorrhea or absence of menstrual period is usually a symptom of early pregnancy. But sometimes this delay may be due to other factors such as hormonal disorders, a change of food habit, stress, extreme emotional states, taking certain medications, etc. To find out if you are pregnant or not, you can take a pregnancy test, 5 to 10 days after the date of your period. If not, here are 13 signs and symptoms that most probably are revealing pregnancy!
It is true that the absence of the menstrual period is the most common sign of early pregnancy, but some women may have them regularly even being already pregnant. Whether a fetus develops in you, be attentive to signals sent by your body that we have gathered for you in this article.
1 – Missed period
If you have a regular cycle and you have missed a period, this may indicate that you are pregnant. The periods are a sign that the egg is not fertilized and is thrown out of the uterus. The absence of periods can, however, reveal that the egg is fertilized and it began its journey in the uterus to perform its implantation.
2 – Cramps and bleeding
Sometimes at the expected date of your period, you may see a trickle of blood in your underwear and feel pain in the lower abdomen, toward the groin area. This may be due to the implantation of the fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus to stretch the ligament supporting the uterus or the effect of female hormones that work to remove the uterine lining formed during the last cycle.
3 – Change in the breast
When fertilization occurs, the long journey of pregnancy has begun. The body begins to change to prepare for the baby’s arrival. Breasts are the first to be transformed. Indeed, they begin to swell, to grow heavy and become sensitive and even painful. This is due to the action of estrogen, which prepares for lactation. Because of increased blood flow in your breasts, you may feel tingling around your nipples as they are gaining size and color.
4 – Frequent urination
The HCG hormone, also known as pregnancy hormone, increases blood flow to the pelvis and kidney, the operation is stimulated to ensure efficient and faster elimination of waste and toxins from the body, which explains the going back and forth to the bathroom to urinate. But if you have difficulty passing urine or pain during urination, it may be that you are suffering from a urinary tract infection.
5 – Darker coloring of certain parts of the body
Hormones flooding the body of a woman early in pregnancy have a stimulating effect on the skin pigmentation. This is why some women see their genitals become darker. Gradually, as the pregnancy progresses, brown spots on the face, neck or some other body parts may appear. This is what is called the mask of pregnancy.
6 – Fatigue
Since the body is in turmoil and the hormones are in full swing, you will probably feel stressed out, irritable and especially tired. You will need to take naps and rest more than usual to compensate for the lack of energy.
7 – Dizziness and fainting
These fairly common symptoms during pregnancy are due to three main factors: hypoglycemia, lack of energy and fatigue. You must therefore try to rest as much as possible and take sweet snacks (fruit, dark chocolate …) to increase the blood sugar.
8 – High body temperature
At the time of ovulation, the body temperature rises a few tenths of a degree, and stabilizes for a few days decreasing to return to its usual level. In the event of fertilization, the progesterone level increases and the temperature will remain high. Thus, sustained high temperature is a sign of pregnancy.
9 – More developed senses
The taste and smell are the senses that change the most during pregnancy. Because of the increased level of estrogen in the body, many women are prone to changes in taste and smell. This usually creates cravings and unusual food dislikes, and an aversion to strong odors of perfume, soap and other scented products.
In some cases, the pregnant woman has cravings for non-food items (pica syndrome). This is a sign of deficiency and a medical consultation is required.
10 – Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting, especially in the morning, are very typical and recurrent symptoms of pregnancy. They can last from a few days to 9 months. But in general, they appear in early pregnancy and disappear with the end of the first quarter. To appease them, you have to stay hydrated throughout the day and take breakfast when you wake up. By day, it is advisable to consume nutritious but light food easy to digest and split your meal.
11 – Impaired digestion
Gastric reflux, constipation, heartburn, there are so many digestive disorders that accompany pregnancy. Because of the increase in progesterone level, the muscles of the intestine and esophageal sphincter slow digestion and promote constipation and acid reflux. It is therefore recommended to avoid acidic and too spicy foods that contribute to the onset of these disorders.
12 – Pain in the lower back
If you start to experience discomfort or pain in the back which you have not suffered before, it could indicate that your ligaments are in the process of release to allow your uterus to take more volume and thus leave more space for the baby to develop.
13 – Shortness of breath
Once pregnancy starts, blood dilution is observed and therefore increased blood volume circulating in the body. This forces the heart to work harder to pump this amount, which causes shortness of breath and tiredness at the slightest physical effort. Gradually, as the fetus grows, your lungs will also work more to provide the necessary oxygen to the fetus and remove CO² it produces.