High levels of uric acid in the blood, known as hyperuricemia, may be the result of increased production of uric acid in the body or reduced its excretion from the body.
High levels of uric acid can lead to accumulation of crystals in the joints, gout, kidney stones and kidney failure. Recent studies have shown that they can lead to problems with high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.
Normal levels of uric acid in the body are:
Women: 2.4-6.0 mg/dL
Values may vary in different laboratories.
Factors which affect and can lead to higher levels of uric acid are: diet rich in purines, excessive alcohol consumption, kidney failure, obesity, underactive thyroid gland, genetics, endocrine or metabolic diseases such as diabetes, or acidosis, and some other diseases. Some types of cancer, chemotherapy agents and drugs can also cause this problem.
There are some natural methods to reduce and control the levels of uric acid. Correct diagnosis and treatment recommended by a medical professional is required.
Here are the most effective methods for controlling and reducing uric acid levels:
- Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is a natural detoxifier and can help to remove the slag and waste from the body. It contains malic acid, which facilitates the excretion of uric acid from the body. Apple cider vinegar helps restore the alkaline balance in the body and has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Mix one teaspoon of organic apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and drink this solution two or three times a day. Over time, you can gradually increase the amount of apple cider vinegar, going to two tablespoons per cup of water, but you should not overdo it because it can reduce the potassium levels in the body.
- Lemon juice
Although sour, lemon juice has alkalizing properties for the body and the high levels of vitamin C helps lowers and neutralize uric acid.
Squeeze the juice of one lemon in a glass of warm water. Drink every morning on an empty stomach for several weeks.
Cherries contain chemicals that help reduce uric acid levels. Plus they contain flavonoids called anthocyanins which contribute to alleviation of inflammation.
Add half a cup of cherries to your daily menu, over a period of several weeks. You can also consume fresh cherry juice with yogurt for about four weeks.
Add blueberries, strawberries, tomatoes, peppers and other foods rich in vitamin C and antioxidants to your diet.
- Baking soda
Baking soda is extremely effective in reducing the levels of uric acid and relieving the pain of gout. It helps to maintain the natural alkaline balance in the body.
Mix half a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water and drink four cups a day. Do this for two weeks. You can drink every two to four hours.
Note: Do not consume it for too long. If you suffer from high blood pressure, this method is unsuitable for you. People of 60+ should not take more than 3 cups of this solution daily.
- Olive oil
Most vegetable oils are particularly harmful for the body, because when they are heated or processed, they destroy the vital vitamin E in the body, which is essential for controlling the levels of uric acid.
Stop using other cooking fats and use olive oil, but do not overheat it. If possible, cook without fats. Olive oil contains mono-saturated fats and it’s high in vitamin E and antioxidants.
- Dairy products
Low-fat dairy products reduce the risk of gout. Skim milk, for example, contains orotic acid, which reduces the re-uptake of uric acid and assists its removal through the kidneys.
Drink between one to five glasses of skim milk a day and add other dairy products to your diet.
- Wheatgrass juice
Wheatgrass supports alkalization of the blood and is rich in vitamin C, chlorophyll and phytochemicals that promote detoxification. The juice of the wheatgrass is a source of proteins and amino acids and can be used as an alternative to animal proteins.
Drink two tablespoons of wheatgrass juice mixed with some lemon juice. Consume this until the levels of uric acid normalze.
Some additional tips:
Drink plenty of water. This will help to filter out the uric acid and eliminate it from the body through urine.
Stay away from animal protein such as meat, offal, fish and poultry. Legumes, mushrooms, asparagus and beans are also high in purines. Apples, pears, oranges and strawberries are some examples of high-fiber foods that you can include in your diet. Add rice and whole wheat pasta, quinoa, potatoes, oats and bananas.
Limit the alcohol intake, as it interferes with the removal of uric acid.
Try to exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight. It is believed that fatty tissue is the cause of increased production of uric acid.