Jellyfish stings can be very unpleasant holiday experience. Jellyfish stings itches and hurts, but sometimes it causes severe reactions that require immediate medical attention. In most cases, you can help yourself with homemade products, or drugs that are sold in pharmacies without a prescription.
So before you go on vacation, it is good to make sure that you have with you first aid products.
What to do in the first few minutes?
The first action after the jellyfish sting is that as soon as possible you should get out of the sea and immediately remove any pieces of jellyfish tentacle. First, wash the wound with sea water. Remember that you should not use fresh water, as this would stimulate the secretion of venom. Larger tentacle remaining in the skin that can be seen with the naked eye should be removed with tweezers or gloves, but never touch it with bare hands.
When removing visible jellyfish tentacle, try to disable the ones that are left on the skin and continues to secrete poison. This can be done with vinegar. Just put some apple cider vinegar on the affected area. If you do not have it at hand, you can also add alcohol, which is less preferable. You can also use a paste of baking soda and water, apply it to affected area and cover with gauze or a cotton cloth. This should be repeated several times in the 15 to 20 minute intervals. The spreading of the poison can also be slowed by cooling the affected area with ice, but is less effective than baking soda.
How to soothe the irritated skin?
To soothe the affected area use an antihistamine ointment or antihistamine tablets, which you can buy in a pharmacy and are available without prescription. Sometimes the pain can be so severe that you need to take some painkillers.
Do not scratch
Don’t scratch the affected area, as this would speed up the secretion of toxins from the remaining jellyfish tentacle in the skin and increase the risk of infection.
It is also good to know when to seek immediate medical attention. This is particularly necessary in cases where alarming symptoms appear, such as nausea and dizziness, breathing difficulties, chest pain and rashes on the skin, which indicates a more severe reaction.