Colon cancer is one of the most common type of cancer and most deadly one. It generally appears in people over 50 due to a mutation of polyps – fleshy growths – which are usually found on the wall of the colon, in cancer cells. The tumors evolution is gradual and requires a prolonged period of time of up to 10 years. If colon cancer is not diagnosed and treated at an early stage, it can spread to the lymph nodes, liver, and other organs.
To help you decipher the signals from your body that may indicate the development of tumors in the colon, here are four symptoms that are usually ignored or confused with other digestive, more benign problems.
4 early symptoms of colon cancer
1 – Unexplained weight loss
Weight loss which is not due to a change in diet or intense physical activity may indicate development of several types of cancer, including colon cancer. So if you suffer from a chronic lack of appetite and you lose 5% of your weight over a period of 6 months, it is strongly recommended to consult a doctor. This might indicate that cancer cells that develop in your colon consume your energy and weaken your immune system.
2 – Abdominal pain
Abdominal pain or cramps could be a sign of digestive disorders or benign gastric disease, therefore, people usually give them no importance. But when they appear suddenly and without apparent reason, extend to the back, if they are persistent or accompanied by other symptoms such as bloating or flatulence, it is recommended to consult a doctor. It will allow you to know the exact origin and thus increase your chances of recovery in case of a positive diagnosis.
3 – Disruption of intestinal transit
Another often ignored symptom is disruption of intestinal transit. This can be easily detected because of changes in the nature or the frequency of bowel movements and the presence of more or less heavy bleeding. This disturbance may manifest as episodes of constipation and alternating persistent diarrhea, or permanent feeling of not completely emptied bowel, causing a constant urge to defecate.
4 – Unexplained extreme fatigue
Fatigue is one of the telltale signs of development of colon cancer. Because bleeding in stools, which can cause anemia, and loss of appetite that accompanies the spread of cancer cells in the body, deteriorates the general state of the person and he starts feeling more and more tired, even if he does not put much effort.
So to protect your health and reduce the risk of developing this disease, it is important to control your weight by doing regular exercise and adopting a healthy diet, low in fat and sugar. A study by the medical school at Harvard University showed that people who consume lots of foods that raise blood sugar levels have a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer than those who consume less. In addition, periodic medical examination, particularly after the age of 50, will detect the disease in its early stages and will considerably increase your chances to heal.