Among girls, the most important sign of puberty is the menstrual period. This blood flow is a sign that the uterus that is prepared to receive an egg every month (for the creation of an embryo), resulting from the unsuccessful encounter between an egg and a sperm. Menstruation forms a cycle and arrives every 28 days when everything is normal in the woman’s body.
Period and menopause
Menstruation appears with puberty, usually between the age of 10 and 16. Then, around the age of 50, menopause occurs. This event corresponds to the end of the period of a woman’s life where she can get pregnant. It is marked by cessation of menstruation and cessation of ovulation and secretion by the ovaries of both sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone).
Period and life expectancy
A recent study led by the University of California research teams in San Diego, women who have had their first period at later age (after age of 12) live longer.
This study lasted for 12 years and was conducted among 124.000 postmenopausal US women. Conclusion: those who had their first period at the age of 12 (or more) and who have had their menopause at age 50 (or more) would be more likely to blow their 90th candle than the others.
Period and heart disease
The research team also found that women whose fertility is for a period of forty years and more would escape certain pathologies. Indeed, women who had their first period later have less risk of suffering from certain diseases such as those affecting the coronary arteries. Also known as coronary artery disease, this heart disease is due to a lack of blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The arteries are clogged which can cause a heart attack.
It is important to remember that in addition to the age of women during menopause, the first period is also a crucial factor.
Period and diabetes
A second study found that menopause and early menstruation increase the risk of diabetes. Really, the researchers found that when menopause occurs before the age of 46, the risk of diabetes increased by 25%. While it goes down to 12%, when menopause occurs after the age of 55. In conclusion, later postmenopausal women tend to be healthier.
There is still some space to go in this area of research, but one thing is certain: the onset of menstruation and menopause has a real impact on life expectancy and women’s health.
Meanwhile, researchers insist that a healthy menstruation is a consequence of a healthy life and therefore a good quality of life influences longer duration of the menstruation. And don’t forget that in addition to genetic factors, smoking (active and passive) is linked to an acceleration of menopause and its appearance before the age of 50.