The Centers for Disease, Control and Prevention had issued a warning about a bug called triatomine, or commonly described as the “kissing” bug, which is so dangerous for human lives.
A bug that seems harmless but when it bites you it transmits a parasite called Trypanosoma cruzi, which becomes fatal once it goes into a human body. This parasite triggers Chagas disease, which has actually affected over 8 million people worldwide.
This is exactly what the “kissing” bug looks like.
Prevalent in Latin America, Chagas disease can trigger heart problems and lead to death. There are two stages of advancement in Chagas disease. The first stage has fewer signs than the second, which usually people do not know what It is ,they think they have got the flu.
The first symptoms are:
- Swelling at the infection site
- Body aches
- Eyelid swelling
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea, diarrhea or vomiting
- Swollen glands
- Enlargement of your liver or spleen
During the chronic phase, the infection may remain silent for decades or even for life. However, some people develop:
- cardiac complications, which can include an enlarged heart (cardiomyopathy), heart failure, altered heart rate or rhythm, and cardiac arrest (sudden death); and/or
- intestinal complications, which can include an enlarged esophagus (megaesophagus) or colon (megacolon) and can lead to difficulties with eating or with passing stool.
There’s no available immunization for this disease but if it is detected in early stage the treatment is 100 percent effective.
There are two approaches to therapy, both of which can be life saving:
- antiparasitic treatment, to kill the parasite; and
- symptomatic treatment, to manage the symptoms and signs of infection.
- To kill the parasite, Chagas disease can be treated with benznidazole and also nifurtimox. Both medicines are almost 100% effective in curing the disease if given soon after infection at the onset of the acute phase including the cases of congenital transmission.
Source: Top Healthy Life