Blood sugar level refers to sugar (glucose) that is transported through the bloodstream to supply energy to all cells in our bodies. The glucose is made from the food we eat.
Hyperglycemia, that is, high blood glucose (blood sugar), occurs when the body system cannot use glucose properly (type 2 diabetes), or it has insufficient amounts of it (type 1 diabetes).
If this condition lasts for a long period of time it may provoke health damaging consequences, like indefinite damage on kidneys, blood vessels, eyes, nerves, and other body parts.
The blood sugar levels in diabetics can be increased as a result of different factors, such as:
- Stress, lack of exercise, low blood sugar, omitting a dose or taking a wrong one for diabetes, dehydration, cold or other illness, steroid medication or other medicines that badly influence blood sugar levels, and eating too much / snacking between meals.
In certain periods of life, adults and children may experience hyperglycemia, for instance, children during growth spurts (a rapid rise in height and weight), which also can be applied for adults when weight is concerned.
Common symptoms of high blood sugar levels
However, it does not mean that if you have high blood sugar that you suffer from hyperglycemia. Also, there are people who do not have hyperglycemia symptoms and still have high blood sugar.
Nonetheless, see the chart of common symptoms:
- Nerve issues
- Persistent hunger
- Overweight (specifically in the abdomen area)
- Blurred vision.
- Dry mouth
- Excessive urination during day or night.
- Lack of concentration
- Stomach problems
- Repetitive infections
- Dry and itchy skin
- Excessive thirst
- Symptoms of fatigue or constant tiredness
- Difficulties in cuts and bruises healing
Glycemic food helps in reducing high blood sugar levels
The Glycemic Index (GI) shows a number of carbohydrates (carbs) in foods which increase blood sugar levels, ranging from 0 to 100.
It is important to know which are high-GI ingredients and which are low-GI ingredients; as high-GI foods are processed much faster than low-GI foods. Therefore, the consumption of the low-GI foods will lower insulin levels thus losing extra weight.
The following charts represent the food with their GI
Low GI foods
( GI ranges from 0 to 54. These foods are consumed on daily basis. )
An egg = GI 0
- A cup of hummus equals = GI 6
- A cup of broccoli = GI 10
- A mid-sized yellow onion = GI 10
- A cup of walnuts = GI 15
- A cup of cherries = GI 22
- A cup of cashew nuts = GI 22
- A cup of yogurt = GI 23
- A Turkey sausage = GI 28
- A cup of kidney beans = GI 31
- A cup of butter beans = GI 34
- 8 ounces of tomato juice = GI38
- A mid-sized apple = GI 38
- A cup of spaghetti = GI 42
- A cup of green grapes = GI 46
- Eight ounces of pineapple juice = GI 46
- A large carrot = GI 47
- A medium orange = GI 48
- A large grapefruit = GI 50
- A large banana = GI 52
- A cup of peas = GI 54
Moderate GI foods
(Gi ranges from 55 to 69. Consume them in moderate amounts)
- A cup of brown rice = GI 55
- A tablespoon of raw honey = GI 55
- A cup of oatmeal = GI 58
- A cup of regular white rice = GI 64
- One serving of macaroni and cheese = GI 64
High GI foods (High Gi ranges from 70 to100. Regular consumption provokes severe health issues. It is highly recommended to exclude these foods from you diet)
- A slice of regular white bread = GI 70
- 2 cups of popcorn = GI 72
- A doughnut (glazed) = GI 76
- A rice cake = GI 78
- A mid-sized baked potato = GI 85
- A serving of corn flakes = GI 92
- 50 grams of glucose = GI 100
Healthy and balanced diet is crucial when hyperglycemia is concerned. Furthermore, our food consuming affects our overall health and well-being. If you suffer from high blood sugar, you must make dietary changes as if this is not done your health will worsen and cause more devastating consequences.