A stroke is a “brain attack”. It can happen to anyone at any time. It occurs when blood flow to an area of brain is cut off. When this happens, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die. When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost.
An ischemic stroke happens when a blood vessel (artery) supplying blood to an area of the brain becomes blocked by a blood clot. About 80 out of 100 strokes areischemic strokes. A hemorrhagic stroke happens when an artery in the brain leaks or bursts (ruptures).
If you have been diagnosed with a condition known to increase your risk of stroke – such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, diabetes or a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) – ensuring the condition is well controlled is also important in helping prevent strokes.
Strokes have one thing in common – their symptoms occur suddenly:
- Trouble talking, inability to speak properly
- Numbness in limbs and face, especially in one side of the body
- Trouble strolling, poor balance and loss of control
Other common symptoms:
- Complete paralysis
- Vision problems (in one or both eyes)
- Unexpected and unexplained disappointment
FAST is an acronym used as a mnemonic to help detect and enhance responsiveness to stroke victim needs. The acronym stands for Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulties and Time.
- Face: Is your smile normal? Check the face mussels if they work properly.
- Arms: Pay attention if any of your arms drifts downward when you race them.
- Speech: Is your speech or slurry? Try to pronounce the whole phrase correctly.
- Time: Get some medical help as soon as possible.
The longer a stroke remains untreated, the greater the chance of stroke related brain damage. Emergency medical treatment soon after symptoms begin improves the chance of survival and successful rehabilitation.
Do not even try to drive to the hospital, because the medical team will start off their life-saving techniques way before you even get to the hospital.
The difference of strokes and migraine is that the symptoms of stroke occur instantly, and migraine develops gradually.
- Migraine symptoms are sometimes positive in the way of added stimuli.
- TIA signs start developing with unpleasant symptoms, including loss of hearing, vision, and limb power.
Here are some of the risk factors that increase the stoke possibility:
- High blood pressure and smoking
- Older age (55 and above)
- Blood disorders, atrial fibrillation, problems with the heart muscle
- Moody migraines, aesthetic disruptions
- A matter of genes
If you want to prevent the stroke you should eat healthy food with fresh vegetables and fruit, whole grains, and be more physically active.