The thyroid is the essential gland of your entire body, shaped like a butterfly positioned just below Adam’s apple, and it rules your entire body. Many people suffer from this disease even not knowing that. According to Mary Shomon, author of Living Well With Hypothyroidism, “As many as 59 million Americans have a thyroid condition. Sadly, the vast majority do not get diagnosed.”
Another clinical nutritionist and chiropractic practitioner in San Carlos, California, Douglas Husbands, explains that the thyroid is the main factor in controlling metabolism, and if you suffer from an underactive thyroid (disease called hypothyroidism) it will slow down everything in your body system, from your pulse and temperature to your energy level and the rate at which you burn calories. On the other side,an overactive thyroid (disease called hyperthyroidism), pushes the body into overdrive.
Hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid)
Up to now it is more common condition than the other thyroid issues. It usually attacks women, population older than sixty, and those ones with a family history of thyroid problems. Basically the main cause is iodine deficiency, however this usually refers to other under developed countries as in the US including other industrialized countries people consume iodized salt.
Therefore, the principal offenders are autoimmune conditions where immune cells attack the thyroid tissue, then radiation treatment for head and neck cancers, and medications like lithium. Hypothyroidism symptoms are: heavier periods, depression, fatigue, tiredness, memory loss, dry hair and skin,hoarseness, anxiety and irritation, weight gain, cold sensitivity, and constipation.
If you experience some of these symptoms you ought to visit your physician and have your thyroid hormone (thyroxine or T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels tested. Depending on your lab results, yourphysician might need to prescribe you synthetic thyroid hormones which are taken on daily basis. For more efficient hormone treatment you can take the following essential nutrients, which are necessary for proper thyroid function. Even if you are not experiencing any thyroid issues, you can still take these essential minerals and vitamins, as there is no harm, but only benefits for thyroid.
As mentioned before, its deficiency is one of the main causes for occurrence of underactive thyroid as it has the capital role in the production of thyroid hormones. However, here what Mary Shomon, claims, quoting:
“But it’s difficult, because while iodine deficiency is a significant threat factor for hypothyroidism, too much iodine can aggravate the thyroid and worsen existing conditions.”On a daily basis you need at least 150 mcg of iodine, which most of it is taken through salt, and an average American consumes this amount four times. Nonetheless, if you choose to use non-iodized salt, you need to take iodine amount from other sources, like dairy, eggs, seafood, and seaweed. By consuming these foods, there isn’t a necessity of a supplement. Yet, problems with intake of too much iodine occur when you take several milligrams every day.
This mineral is required for the thyroid hormones to do their job, that is, they have to be converted into an active form, and therefore the body needs intake of selenium. According to Douglas Husbands individuals with thyroid issues, and those ones with healthy glands, should take selenium supplement of 200 mcg, recommending selenium methionine, on daily basis in order to promote thyroid health. This selenium quantity is contained in one big handful of Brazil nuts, which surely are the best food source of the mineral.
According to Mary Shomon you also need an appropriate amount of zinc for proper thyroid function. Last year, researchers at the University of Massachusetts, performing a small clinical study, discovered that the thyroid hormone levels in zinc-deficient women significantly improved when they startedfour months treatment with a daily dose of 26.4 mg zinc. Even though, there should be more researching done regarding this matter, Mary Shomon recommendstaking 10 mg of zinc a day. Have in mind the fact that zinc can obstruct copper absorption, and therefore you also need to take 1 to 2 mg of copper on a daily basis.
This is a critical amino acid, and its insufficiency can limit the body production of thyroid hormones. Mary Shomon states “…taking L-tyrosine supplements can kick start a slow thyroid.” She recommends to start with taking of 200 mg or less a day, and reach to 500 mg provided that you tolerate it well as she notes, quoting: “L-tyrosine supplements can be too stimulating for some individuals, giving them the “jitters” and triggering insomnia.”