Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a syndrome that most women suffer from it. Unfortunately, it occurs in the reproductive period specifically between the ages of 18 and 44. This hormonal disorder is so frequent that it can even impact young girls of 11years of age. Statistics show that one in every 10 to 15 ladies in USA deal with PCOS.
Causes of Occurrence
Most common reasons are: weight issues, no physical activity,overproduction of testosterone hormone (it is a male hormone traced in women in small quantities) and genetics (a family history of PCOS).
Likewise, insulin resistance is frequent cause for PCOS, as a result of which the testosterone levels are being increased. Insulin is a hormone that is naturally produced from the body with a task to lower blood sugar levels. So, if insulin resistance occurs, the insulin cannot perform its basic task to reduce the blood sugar level thus triggering raising blood sugar to threatening levels. On the other hand, this condition provokes the body to produce more insulin; and a vicious cycle occurs resulting in high blood insulin level.
The caused effect of PCOS is infertility among females, that is, an absence of ovulation occurs, and the condition is known as ovulatory infertility. Ovulation is the main key in the reproductive process where ovaries produce a mature egg every month, which can be fertilized by sperm.
Unfortunately, there isn’t a treatment for PCOS. However, change of lifestyle like increased physical activity and weight loss can significantly help the body to cope with the signs.Also, medicines likemetformin and clomiphene, and contraceptive pills can distort treatments. Most women choose the laser for minimizing the physical symptoms of PCOS like hirsutism (excess hair and face growth).
Recognition of Early Symptoms
This is very important for female’s health to recognize the early signs of PCOS signs which as a fact is very difficult because they are not shocking enough and easily mistaken totypical hormone issue. If you recognize them on time you can prevent the appearance of this condition.
It is sad that the PCOS condition is immediately recognized when a woman wants to become pregnant. According to a research study performed in 2005, and published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, patients with PCOS in USA spent approximately $4.36 billion each year on diagnostic treatments and subsequent medical care. In percentage wise only 2 percent of this money are being spent on diagnostic treatments, showing that PCOS is not early detected and diagnosed, if this would have been the case less money would have been spent on treating it, and the serious consequences would have been stopped on time.
Here below are the most typical signs of PCOS, you may have already experienced some or mix them with something else. However, if you are in reproductive age read the following ones and take good care of your body.
- Occurrence of irregular menstrual periods
It is the most typical sign of PCOS, and as a result of irregularity of periods testosterone-overload appears in the body. On the other hand, excess testosterone results in the growth of cysts in the ovaries, then the cysts prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs, by which menstruation is obstructed. It is believed that it is all right to have irregular periods in teenage periods, yet this may be an early indicator of PCOS, especially if it is in combination with other symptoms.
A performed study in 2014 published in Human Reproduction states that “Irregular periods throughout teenage years are related to PCOS and infertility in the future.”Naturally, if this condition prevails in late teenage period or beyond, it is a strong sign of PCOS.