Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Normally, the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes can occur when the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, or when the body does not respond appropriately to insulin. As yet, there is no cure. People with diabetes need to manage their disease to stay healthy.
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Blurred vision.
Prediabetes is a “pre-diagnosis” of diabetes—you can think of it as a warning sign. It’s when your blood glucose level (blood sugar level) is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes.
Prediabetes is an indication that you could develop type 2 diabetes if you don’t make some lifestyle changes.
- Are you a man or a woman. Men are more likely than women to have undiagnosed diabetes; one reason may be that they are less likely to see their doctor regularly. So if you are a man hold up one finger, zero if you are a woman.
- Hold up one finger in case you are older than forty, two fingers in case you are over fifty, three fingers if you are over sixty and none in cases you are below 40 years.
- Hold up one finger if you think that you are not very physically active and none in case you think that you get enough exercise.
- Do you have a father, mother, sister or brother with diabetes? A family history of diabetes could contribute to your risk for type 2 diabetes. If type 2 diabetes runs in your family hold up a finger.
- Hold up one finger if you are dealing with high blood pressure and none if your blood pressure is stable and normal.
- Hold up 3 fingers in case you are obese, two fingers in case you are overweight, one finger if you are just a little bit overweight and none in case you have normal body weight.
Once you are finished with this test, you should determine how many fingers you are holding up. In case there are five or more fingers, then you are probably dealing with prediabetes.
If you’re diagnosed with diabetes, you’ll need to eat healthily, take regular exercise and carry out regular blood tests to ensure your blood glucose levels stay balanced.
Diabetes can be managed well but the potential complications are the same for type 1 and type 2 diabetes including heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, limb amputation, depression, anxiety and blindness.
Alternatively, your doctor may instead perform a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test or an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). HbA1c is an indicator of your blood sugar patterns over the last two to three months, so it is often a better overall picture than a single fasting blood sugar check. An HbA1c level between 5.7 and 6.4 indicates prediabetes.