Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia — a condition in which blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body’s tissues.As the name implies, iron deficiency anemia is due to insufficient iron. Without enough iron, your body can’t produce enough of a substance in red blood cells that enables them to carry oxygen (hemoglobin). As a result, iron deficiency anemia may leave you tired and short of breath.
In women of childbearing age, the most common cause of iron deficiency anemia is a loss of iron in the blood due to heavy menstruation or pregnancy. A poor diet or certain intestinal diseases that affect how the body absorbs iron can also cause iron deficiency anemia. Doctors normally treat the condition with iron supplements or changes to diet.
IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA SYMPTOMS
- Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein in red blood cells. It helps red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Anemia also can cause shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, coldness in your hands and feet, pale skin, chest pain, weakness, and fatigue (tiredness).
- Shortness Of Breath
Experiencing frequent shortness of breath, especially when climbing the stairs or doing another everyday activity is frequently an indication of anemia. More cardio workout is highly suggested!The most common symptom of all types of anemia is fatigue (tiredness). Fatigue occurs because your body doesn’t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to its many parts.
Also, the red blood cells your body makes have less hemoglobin than normal. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein in red blood cells. It helps red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.Anemia also can cause shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, coldness in your hands and feet, pale skin, chest pain, weakness, and fatigue (tiredness).
- Getting Frequent Infections
Preliminarily, we must distinguish acute from chronic infection. When it comes to chronic infection, associated anemia is part of a more general chapter of the association between anemia and chronic conditions. Supposedly there is a common pathophysiological basis for the occurrence of anemia and several chronic diseases, whether infectious, inflammatory or neoplastic. Although the anemia related to malignancy may also have this common basis, it is clear that there are other mechanisms by which anemia occurs.
- Cold Hands And Feet
Anemia often causes extreme pale skin fatigue, weakness and cold hands and feet. Iron deficiency anemia often goes undiagnosed until you experience Raynaud”s disease. If your hands and feet stay colddespite warming measures, check your iron levels.
- Weak, Fragile Nails
Brittle nails can also be a hint that you are suffering from iron deficiency. According to a study, iron deficiency can also lead to anaemia in a lot of people. This, again, is common in women. On examination, several skin, nail and other epithelial changes can be seen in people with chronic iron deficiency. However, there’s more to anaemia than just iron deficiency.
- Increased Heartbeat
The condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in diminished oxygen transport. Anemia has many causes, such as iron, vitamin B12, or vitamin B9 deficiencyand may include fatigue, rapid heart rate, and rapid breathing on exertion.
- Unusual Cravings
And ice cravings are one of the most common symptoms of severe iron deficiency. Though reasons for this craving are unclear, some some doctors theorize that chewing ice increases alertness in iron-deficient people (who are typically sluggish and tired) or that it soothes their swollen tongues. But if you like to crunch on the ice left in the bottom of your cup every now and then, don’t worry.
- Chest Pain
“Based on the results of this study, we feel that women presenting with chest pain do need hemoglobin levels checked. In addition, if a woman has a low hemoglobin level, the clinician should look for a cause. However, the level of hemoglobin which should be treated is not clear. Future studies should be done to determine if treating low hemoglobin in women with chest pain improves their outcomes.
- Restless Leg Syndrome
Tohave iron deficiency anemia – low levels of iron in the blood can lead to a fall in dopamine, triggering restless legs syndrome. have a long-term health condition – such as chronic kidney disease, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, an underactive thyroid gland, or fibromyalgia.
Severe iron-deficiency anemia may require a blood transfusion, iron injections, or intravenous (IV) iron therapy. Treatment may need to be done in a hospital. The goals of treating iron-deficiency anemia are to treat its underlying cause and restore normal levels of red blood cells, hemoglobin, and iron.
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