Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a very common cardiovascular problem that affects both men and women. However, if untreated, this disease can seriously harm your health. Here are some explanatory elements to know how to determine your normal blood pressure depending on your age.
Hypertension: what is it?
Hypertension is characterized by an abnormal increase in blood pressure on the artery walls, a condition that affects about 20% of the world adult population. In most cases, high blood pressure is called “essential”, i.e. no cause explains its appearance, but certain factors can cause this health disorder, such as natural aging causes a decrease the elasticity of the arteries. In about 10% of cases, high blood pressure is the result of some disease. This is called “secondary” hypertension because it can result either from kidney disease (parenchymal stenosis disease) or adrenal disease (adrenocortical adenoma), neurovascular (aorta) or hormonal disease (hyper/hypothyroidism ).
Keep your blood pressure under control to stay healthy
In the absence of specific treatment and a balanced diet, high blood pressure can put your health at risk. According to a recent study published in Archives of Internal Medicine, researchers followed 2000 elderly people with hypertension and confirmed many facts. Indeed, hypertension deteriorates the arteries, kidney and all vital functions of the body in general. If it is not treated, it can lead to heart or kidney failure, strokes and other potentially fatal diseases.
Generally, hypertension is treated with aggressive therapies: calcium channel blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, specifically vasodilator drugs or beta blockers.
But various treatments can not be applied to all cases of hypertension, certain parameters are taken into account to evaluate these treatments and the first is the age of a person. A person with 50 and a person with 80 years will not react similarly on the same treatment.
How to diagnose hypertension?
When the diagnosis of hypertension is established, a doctor takes into consideration many aspects: age, lifestyle, diet, heredity, and medical history to determine a specific treatment. It is important to remember that even a 20 year old can be diagnosed with hypertension. According to the American Heart Association, young people should have regular medical checks (every two years) too, to screen for hypertension.
Blood pressure undergoes constant change
In fact, it can change every minute, according to the adopted posture, degree of stress, lack of sleep or the physical activity. To be more precise, in the interval between the heart beat, blood pressure drops and the heart is in idle mode. Moreover, when the heart beats, blood pressure is increased.
For an adult of 20 years, normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg, less than 120 systolic and below 80 diastolic. You should know that in the US, 1 out of 3 adults has hypertension. This is why doctors usually recommend their patients to monitor their children blood pressure, long before the diagnosis of hypertension is established.
Also be aware that if high blood pressure is raised again, this does not necessarily mean that a person has high blood pressure. However, if it remains higher than 140/90 mm Hg, or 140 systolic and 90 diastolic or higher, he must monitor its health and start with medical treatment (and a suitable diet).
What is the treatment for hypertension?
To treat hypertension, dietary changes and lifestyle are essential (even when blood pressure is greater than 140/90). If the patient’s systolic pressure of 180 mm Hg or more and diastolic pressure is 110 mm Hg or more, a few minutes rest is required. If unchanged after a few minutes, consult a doctor immediately.
If you have normal blood pressure, this does not mean that you should not take care of your health. You should know that an unbalanced diet and lack of physical activity can trigger hypertension.